The use of spiritual/religious coping for women undergoing treatment for breast cancer

Activity: Examination


The Spiritual/Religious Coping (ERC) has been identified as an important strategy used in coping with stress, especially in the context of health. This study aimed to evaluate the level of ERC used by women undergoing treatment for breast cancer. It´s a survey of quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional design. Participated 94 women submitted to breast cancer treatments for regularly attendance on a rehabilitation center. Data collection took place from October 2013 to June 2014 and two survey instruments were used: questionnaire with sociodemographic and clinical, religious/spiritual data; and stressor stimulus associated with breast cancer, and the Spiritual/Religious Coping Scale (ERC-Short). Questionnaire data were analyzed descriptively using SPSS version 16.0. Scale items were analyzed according to construct validation in Brazil. The ethical precepts of the Resolution 466/2012 of the National Health Council were respected. Results showed that all participants used the ERC, and 76.6% in high/very high level and 23.4% in average level; Positive ERC (median 3.44, average 3.41, standard deviation 0.59) was used relative more than negative ERC (median 1.13, average 1.27, standard deviation 0.40) and the Ratio of ERCN/ERCP (median 0.35, mean 0.38, standard deviation0.14). Were significant for the comparisons scores of total ERC with the "Chemotherapy" variables (p=0.012); "takes part in religious/spiritual activity" (p=0.001); "frequency of participating in religious spiritual activity" (p=0.002), and "degree of importance of religiousness/spirituality at the time of life" (p=0.032).Comparisons scores of the ERC Positive with the variables "Chemotherapy" (p=0.011); "takes part in religious/spiritual activity" (p=0.004) and "frequency of participating in religious/spiritual activity" (p=0.011). Comparisons scores of the ERC negative with "participates in religious/spiritual activity" (p=0.019) and "frequency of participating in religious/spiritual activity" (p=0.002). Although there has been no significant difference in the ERC with other variables investigated, they should be considered when evaluating the use of ERC facing stressful factors, especially breast cancer. The ERC proved to be an important strategy in situations of stress experienced by women with breast cancer and confront the disease and the consequences of treatments. The fact that women participated in a comprehensive rehabilitation core may have contributed to the use of the ERC as a coping strategy of breast cancer. Highlights the importance of health professionals to appropriate knowledge, skills and attitudes that help them to introduce the spiritual care in planning and implementation of health care interventions, mainly of women with breast cancer. It is also suggested the creation and adequacy of health services that offer religious/spiritual support to their patients, since this appears as an important strategy in facing stressor stimulus, including those related to health problems
Period26 Jun 2015
ExamineeMariana Lopes Borges
Examination held at
  • Universidade de São Paulo
Degree of RecognitionMaster