DescriptionThe aim of this work is to develop a system of indicators of innovation for SME in the metalworking industry, which can serve as a barometer of the innovation’s state of the industry. The system of indicators developed had as its support existing indicator systems, in particular, the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS), the Global Innovation Index (GII) and Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), as well as a survey performed to the sector’s SME. Just like the IUS and GII systems, the system covers innovation dimensions which refer to innovation efforts - or inputs - and outcomes of innovation – outputs. Based on the partial indicators in the dimensions considered for the sector’s SME and on the MPI’s philosophy, a Multidimensional Innovation Indexe vector has been built with three indicators, one regarding outputs of innovation (MIIo), another to efforts or inputs of innovation (MIIi), and the third being the ratio between the first two Indexes (MIIr). The MIIo and MIIi are two global indicators that reflect the average intensity and incidence of innovation, respectively, in terms of outputs and inputs in the sector. The MIIr is a global indicator that measures the average productivity of innovation in the sector. The survey conducted reflected the logic of gathering information from the MPI with questions of answers yes or no, and there was concern about the simplicity and ease of response to it on the part of the sector’s SME. The main results of MII indicate that 29% of SME in the metalworking industry, during 2012, were innovative in terms of outputs, while 42% were innovative in terms of inputs . The innovation average intensity was 63% for outputs and 61% for inputs. Thus, for the sector’s SME, the value of MIIo was 0.175, the value of the MIIi was 0.267 and the value of MIIr was 0.654. There are significant differences in terms of innovation concerning the number of employees per SME, the geographic distribution by NUTS III, the CAE to which they belong and the manner of legal nature assumed by the company. SME with larger scale - more workers - are more innovative than those with smaller scale, as well as SME in sub-regions of Ave and Pinhal Litoral, and sole proprietorships.
|Period||1 Jul 2014|
|Degree of Recognition||Master|
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