A fruit snack including grape and tomato pomaces: assessment of the effect of temperature on drying characteristics and quality during storage

Rocío Santiago-Ramos, Inês N. Ramos, Cristina L. M. Silva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review



A fruit snack bar was created, composed of 36.4% of tomato and grape pomaces and containing as well other foods like oats, chia, and quinoa. Grape pomace is rich in dietary fibre and is a source of protein, and tomato pomace has a great nutraceutical value since it has a high content of carotenoids. The snack was developed taking into consideration the comments of a focus group that attended three questionnaire sessions. The fruit snack was processed in a convective tray dryer using an air velocity of 0.54 m/s and three different temperatures of 50°C, 60°C and 70°C. After drying, the samples consisted of a sheet of 20 x 30 cm and were cut uniformly in bars of 3 x 10 cm. Several models were attempted to adjust to the experimental drying data, with the best fit being presented by the Midilli-Kucuk model. The snack bars were packaged with a 0.04 mm foil of reversible metalized polypropylene, in envelopes of approximately 5 x 12 cm and stored for 5 weeks. The following quality parameters were evaluated over storage: water activity (aw), total colour difference (TCD), and texture (hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, chewiness, and resilience). It was concluded that temperature did not influence the quality of the final product, as the water activity and texture parameters measured were stable along storage. Consequently, it was assessed that the snack bar was stable over the 5 weeks of storage. This fruit snack adds a contribution to the transition to a sustainable circular economy, by decreasing food waste, as it incorporates by-products from the food industry, simultaneously offering economic and ecological benefits.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th International ISEKI-food conference
Subtitle of host publicationsustainable development goals in food systems: challenges and opportunities for the future: book of abstracts
EditorsMargarida Vieira, Paola Pittia, Cristina L. M. Silva, Florence Dubois-Brissonne, Rui Costa, Foteini Chrysanthopoulou
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherISEKI Food Association
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9789899023529
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event6th International ISEKI-Food Conference : Sustainable Development Goals in Food System: challenges and opportunities for the future - Online, Austria
Duration: 23 Jun 202125 Jun 2021


Conference6th International ISEKI-Food Conference
Abbreviated title ISEKI-Food 2021


  • By-products
  • Tomato and grape pomace
  • Fruit snack
  • Convective air drying
  • Quality


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