Brazilian Integralism is widely considered one of the most successful Latin American fascist movements. After being founded in 1932 under the name Brazilian Integralist Action [Acao Integralista Brasileira (AIB)], this political movement lasted until the year 1937, when it became illegal. During the Estado Novo, Plínio Salgado, the perennial National Leader of Integralism in Brazil, went into exile in Portugal between 1939 and 1946. Upon his return to Brazil during the re-democratisation period, he became the leader of the People Representation Party [Partido de Representagao Popular (PRP)]. The PRP remained active until 1965, when it was shut down due to the Civil-Military Coup. In its aftermath, some of the ex-Integralists focussed, albeit timidly their actions on an artificial party within the dictatorial regime, the National Renewal Alliance [Alianca Nacional Renovadora (ARENA)]. From 1975 until the present, many smaller groups have attempted to revive Integralism. This essay overviews bibliographical sources, interpretative studies, and reflections that contribute to the current understanding of the most salient aspects of Brazilian Integralism.
|Translated title of the contribution||A bibliographic essay on Brazilian integralism|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|