A corrupção e a falta de segurança nas estruturas democráticas

Eduardo Duque, António Calheiros

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter



One of the consequences of corruption is poverty, which is associated with violence and politicalinstability. The relationship between these realities is complex and there is positive feedbackbetween them.From a longitudinal analysis of the European Values Survey (EVS) data, between 1990 and 2008-2010, some empirical illustrations are presented for the Portuguese situation and for the average of the countries of the European Union, listing the cases mentioned above.It is concluded that Portugal presents a level of human capital slightly below the average level ofthe scale (of 2,8) and below the level of the other countries of the European Union, which showsthat it continues to be a country submerged in contexts of democratic and civic fragility. This realityis also perceptible when analyzing the institutions that represent democratic stability, since most of the Portuguese place these institutions as the least credible, thus evidencing the lack of security in democratic structures.
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationThe overarching issues of the European space
Subtitle of host publicationsociety, economy and heritage in a scenario towards greater territorial cohesion
EditorsHelena Pina, Felisbela Martins
Place of PublicationPorto
PublisherUniversidade do Porto
ISBN (Print)9789895403066
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


  • Corruption
  • Violence
  • Political instability
  • Transparency and human rights

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