A microbiologia preditiva como instrumento da garantia da segurança de produtos alimentares

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The quality and safety of products is of great importance to food industry. In terms of public health, the appropriate control of growth and/or inactivation of microorganisms is crucial. No contamination by microorganisms responsible for degradation is as well important to assure food quality along the distribution chain. The main microorganisms responsible for foodborn diseases are: Campylobacter spp, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. Studies on the effect of several factors, such as process time-temperature, pH and water activity, on microbial behaviour are fundamental to attain the appropriate control of foods' quality. The development of mathematical models (predictive microbiology) that describe the microorganisms’ inactivation is therefore important and it is a relatively new researching field. In this work a review on inactivation kinetics of microorganisms and mathematical models commonly used to describe this behaviour (primary, secondary and tertiary) is presented. Based on a critical analysis of available information, new research lines are suggested.
Original languagePortuguese
Article number78
Pages (from-to)8-12
Number of pages6
JournalBoletim de Biotecnologia
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2004


  • Predictive microbiology
  • Foods
  • Quality
  • Safety
  • Pathogenic microorganisms

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