A review on sequential injection methods for water analysis

Raquel B. R. Mesquita, António O. S. S. Rangel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)


The development of fast, automatic and less expensive methods of analysis has always been the main aim of flow methodologies. The search for new procedures that still maintain the reliability and accuracy of the reference procedures is an ever growing challenge. New requirements are continually added to analytical methodologies, such as lower consumption of samples and reagents, miniaturisation and portability of the equipment, computer interfaces for full decision systems and so on. Therefore, the development of flow methodologies meeting the extra requirements of water analysis is a challenging work. Sequential injection analysis (SIA) presents a set of characteristics that make it highly suitable for water analysis. With sequential injection analysis, most routine determinations in waters can be performed more quickly with much lower reagent consumption when compared to reference procedures. Additionally, SIA can be a valuable tool for analyte speciation and multiparametric analysis. This paper critically reviews the overall work in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-22
Number of pages16
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2009


  • Bead injection
  • Lab-on-valve
  • Review
  • Sequential injection
  • Water analysis


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