ADACOR: a holonic architecture for agile and adaptive manufacturing control

Paulo Leitão*, Francisco Restivo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

440 Citations (Scopus)


In the last decades significant changes in the manufacturing environment have been noticed: moving from a local economy towards a global economy, with markets asking for products with higher quality at lower costs, highly customised and with short life cycle. In these circumstances, the challenge is to develop manufacturing control systems with intelligence capabilities, fast adaptation to the environment changes and more robustness against the occurrence of disturbances. This paper presents an agile and adaptive manufacturing control architecture that addresses the need for the fast reaction to disturbances at the shop floor level, increasing the agility and flexibility of the enterprise, when it works in volatile environments. The proposed architecture introduces an adaptive control that balances dynamically between a more centralised structure and a more decentralised one, allowing combining the global production optimisation with agile reaction to unexpected disturbances.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
JournalComputers in Industry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Factory automation
  • Holonic manufacturing systems
  • Intelligent manufacturing control


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