Aerobic granular sludge: treatment of wastewaters containing toxic compounds

Catarina L. Amorim*, Irina S. Moreira, Anouk F. Duque, Mark C.M. Van Loosdrecht, Paula M. L. Castro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Aerobic Granular Sludge (AGS) has been successfully applied for carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous removal from wastewaters, in a single tank, reducing the space and energy requirements. This is especially beneficial for, often space restricted, industrial facilities. Moreover, AGS holds a promise for the toxic pollutants removal, due to its layered and compact structure and the bacteria embedding in a protective extracellular polymeric matrix. These outstanding features contribute to AGS tolerance to toxicity and stability. Strategies available to deal with toxic compounds, namely granulation with effluents containing toxics and bioaugmentation, are addressed here. Different applications for the toxics/micropollutants removal through biosorption and/or biodegradation are presented, illustrating the technology versatility. The anthropogenic substances effects on system performance and bacterial populations established within AGS are also addressed. Combination of contaminants removal to allow water discharge, and simultaneous valuable products recovery are presented as final remark.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechnologies for the treatment and recovery of nutrients from industrial wastewater
PublisherIGI Global Publishing
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9781522510383
ISBN (Print)9781522510376
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


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