Alginate particles for encapsulation of phenolic extract from spirulina sp. Leb-18: physicochemical characterization and assessment of in vitro gastrointestinal behavior

Adriana R. Machado, Pedro M. P. Silva, António A. Vicente, Leonor A. Souza-Soares, Ana C. Pinheiro, Miguel A. Cerqueira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Encapsulation can be used as a strategy to protect and control the release of bioactive extracts. In this work, an extract from Spirulina sp. LEB-18, rich in phenolic compounds, was encapsulated in biopolymeric particles (i.e., composed of alginate) and characterized concerning their thermal behavior using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), size, morphology, swelling index (S), and encapsulation efficiency (EE%); the release profile of the phenolic compounds at different pHs and the particle behavior under in vitro gastrointestinal digestion were also evaluated. It was shown that it is possible to encapsulate the phenolic extract from Spirulina sp. LEB-18 in alginate particles with high encapsulation efficiency (88.97%). It was also observed that the particles are amorphous and that the encapsulated phenolic compounds were released at a pH 7.2 but not at pH 1.5, which means that the alginate particles are able to protect the phenolic compounds from the harsh stomach conditions but lose their integrity under intestinal pH conditions. Regarding bioaccessibility, it was observed that the encapsulated phenolic compounds showed higher bioaccessibility compared to phenolic compounds in free form. This work increases the knowledge about the behavior of alginate particles encapsulating phenolic compounds during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. It also provides essential information for designing biopolymeric particle formulations encapsulating phenolic compounds for application in pharmaceutical and food products
Original languageEnglish
Article number4759
JournalPolymers
Volume14
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antioxidant
  • biopolymers
  • controlled release
  • digestion

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