Alzheimer's early prediction with electroencephalogram

Pedro Miguel Rodrigues*, João Paulo Teixeira, Carolina Garrett, Dílio Alves, Diamantino Freitas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is currently an incurable illness that causes dementia and patient's condition is progressively worse and it represents one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. The main objective of this work was to develop a classification methodology for EEG signals to improve discrimination amongst patients at varying stages of the illness, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) patients and non-patients either in order to obtain a more reliable methodology to identify AD in early stages. For this purpose, a surrogate decision tree classifier was used with 2 different ways of cross-validation (leave-one-out-cross-validation and 10-fold-cross validation). The EEG studied features were the values of maxima (NMax) and minima (NMin), the zero-crossing (Zcr) rate, the mean derivative value at a point (Mdif), the Relative Power (RP) in each of the conventional bands and finally the spectral ratios (r). The best classification was obtained with vectors of 10 features as classifier entries in a leave-one-out-cross validation process, reaching 0.934 AUC, a sensitivity of 86.19%, a specificity of 99.35%, an accuracy of 94.88%, with a low out-of-sample classification error of 6.98% which indicates that the classifier generalizes fairly well.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-871
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Computer Science
Volume100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventConference on ENTERprise Information Systems / International Conference on Project MANagement / Conference on Health and Social Care Information Systems and Technologies, CENTERIS / ProjMAN / HCist 2016 - Porto City, Portugal
Duration: 5 Oct 20167 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's diasease
  • Early stages
  • Electroencephalogram signals
  • Features
  • Surrogate decision tree classifier

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