Anti-listerial inhibitory lactic acid bacteria isolated from commercial cold smoked salmon

Elisabetta Tomé, Paula Teixeira*, Paul A. Gibbs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


The natural microflora of cold-smoked fish at the end of shelf-life are lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Some of these display a capacity to inhibit spoilage as well as several strains of pathogenic micro-organisms, e.g. Listeria monocytogenes which is isolated frequently from cold-smoked salmon (CSS). Eight batches of sliced vacuum-packed CSS from Norway, Scotland and Spain were collected at retail. Packs were stored at 5°C and examined for chemical and microbiological characteristics, at purchase date and at expiration date. pH, water activity and salt content were similar to available data on lightly preserved fish products. There was a consistent pattern in the development of the microflora on CSS; the initial level of LAB was low on freshly produced CSS (102 cfu g-1); however, storage in vacuum packaging at refrigeration temperature was elective for LAB. At the end of the stated shelf-life these micro-organisms, represented mainly by Lactobacillus spp., attained ca.107 cfu g-1 while Enterobacteriaceae counts were consistently lower (105 cfu g-1), which indicates the ability of LAB to grow and compete with few carbohydrates available and in the presence of moderate salt concentrations. L. monocytogenes was not found in any sample. Forty-one percent of LAB strains isolated exhibited inhibitory capacity against Listeria innocua, in a plate assay. A majority of the inhibitory effects were non-bacteriocinogenic, but nevertheless were very competitive cultures which may provide an additional hurdle for improved preservation by natural means.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-405
Number of pages7
JournalFood Microbiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


  • Bacteriocins
  • Cold smoked fish
  • Competitive bacteria
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • Listeria
  • Preservation
  • Salmon


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