Assessment of collagen content in fish skin: development of a flow analysis method for hydroxyproline determination

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Abstract

This work describes the development of a flow injection method to determine hydroxyproline (HYP), one of collagen's most abundant amino acids. Collagen is a protein with several applications and high nutritional value. Evaluating the feasibility of using collagen from fish skin over its mammalian source is essential. The determination of HYP requires the pre-treatment and hydrolysis of the fish skin to break down collagen into its amino acids, and the HYP value quantified relates to the collagen content. The determination was based on the HYP oxidation with permanganate in an alkaline medium and the consequent decrease of colour intensity registered. Under optimal conditions, the developed method enables the determination of the HYP within the dynamic range of 23.8 to 500 mg L −1, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2.6 mg L −1 and a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 23.8 mg L −1. Different samples were processed, and the digests were analysed by the proposed method and with the conventional procedure with good correlation (relative error < 7%). Moreover, the analyte quantification is performed faster, simpler, and more accurately, with less toxic solutions. The reproducibility of the developed method was also evaluated by calculating the relative standard deviation of the calibration curve slope (RSD < 1%).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5901-5908
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Methods
Volume15
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2023

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