Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death in developed and developing countries. In the long run, survivors present emotional, cognitive, and communication disorders that prevent social reintegration. These changes are often underestimated, since communicative competence, namely interpersonal communication adequacy after TBI, is hardly assessed due to the scarcity of assessment scales. This review aims to identify appropriate assessment tools for communicative competence in subjects who have undergone a TBI. PubMed and ScienceDirect da-tabases were consulted using the terms “TBI” and “communication” and/or “lan-guage” and/or “assessment” and/or “pragmatics”, for articles published between 2006 and 2016. The studies were selected according to the following criteria: (i) published in peer-reviewed journals, (ii) carried out with adults who had undergone a TBI, (iii) aimed to the assessment of communicative competence, and (iv) written in English, Spanish, French or Portuguese. Six studies met these criteria. In total, 434 subjects who had undergone a TBI were evaluated. Five studies used verbal and non-verbal communication assessment tools and one study used only verbal com-munication. These six tools are quite different from each other, being some more complete than others and varying the application time between 10 and 90 minutes. Thus, the choice of the instrument may depend on the purpose of the evaluation and of the clinical situation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Assessment of communication after traumatic brain injury: a review|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
- Brain injuries
- Communication disorders