Bioactivity and applications of sulphated polysaccharides from marine microalgae

Maria Filomena de Jesus Raposo, Rui Manuel Santos Costa de Morais, Alcina Maria Miranda Bernardo de Morais*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

309 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads

Abstract

Marine microalgae have been used for a long time as food for humans, such as Arthrospira (formerly, Spirulina), and for animals in aquaculture. The biomass of these microalgae and the compounds they produce have been shown to possess several biological applications with numerous health benefits. The present review puts up-to-date the research on the biological activities and applications of polysaccharides, active biocompounds synthesized by marine unicellular algae, which are, most of the times, released into the surrounding medium (exo- or extracellular polysaccharides, EPS). It goes through the most studied activities of sulphated polysaccharides (sPS) or their derivatives, but also highlights lesser known applications as hypolipidaemic or hypoglycaemic, or as biolubricant agents and drag-reducers. Therefore, the great potentials of sPS from marine microalgae to be used as nutraceuticals, therapeutic agents, cosmetics, or in other areas, such as engineering, are approached in this review.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-252
Number of pages20
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • EPS
  • Marine microalgae
  • SPS
  • Sulphated (exo)polysaccharides

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