Biocompatible gels of chitosan-buriti oil for potential wound healing applications

Maria Onaira Gonçalves Ferreira, Idglan Sá Lima, Alessandra Braga Ribeiro, Anderson O. Lobo, Marcia S. Rizzo, Josy Anteveli Osajima, Leticia Miranda Estevinho, Edson C. Silva-Filho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa L.) can be associated with polymeric matrices for biomedical applications. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of chitosan gel (CG) associated with buriti oil (CGB) as a healing agent. The fatty acids and volatile compounds composition of buriti oil were performed and the composite gels were characterized using FTIR and thermal analysis. Biological tests including antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and healing effects were also investigated. Buriti oil is composed of oleic and palmitic acids, and the main volatile compounds were identified. The buriti oil did not show antimicrobial activity, on the other hand, the composite gel (chitosan and oil) proved to be efficient against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia at the 10 mg/mL. Similar behavior was observed for antioxidant activity, determined by the β-carotene bleaching assay, composite gels presenting higher activity and buriti oil showed anti-inflammatory activity, which may be related to the inhibition of the release of free radicals. Regarding wound healing performed using in vivo testing, the composite gel (CGB) was found to promote faster and complete wound retraction. The results indicated that the gel chitosan-buriti oil has a set of properties that improve its antibacterial, antioxidant and healing action, suggesting that this material can be used to treat skin lesions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1977
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Biological
  • Healing
  • Polysaccharides

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