Bioprospecting antibiotic properties in photodynamic therapy of lipids from Codium tomemtosum and Chlorella vulgaris

Maria Bartolomeu, Cátia Vieira, Marina Dias, Tiago Conde, Daniela Couto, Diana Lopes, Bruna Neves, Tânia Melo, Felisa Rey, Eliana Alves, Joana Silva, Helena Abreu, Adelaide Almeida, M. Rosário Domingues*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growing resistance from pathogens against antibiotics has increased the research for new compounds and strategies with antibacterial potential. Lipids from algae are emerging as natural and potent bioactive molecules with interesting results regarding the inactivation of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The combination of algae lipids with innovative strategies, such as antibacterial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) can enhance their antimicrobial potential. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the antibacterial potential in aPDT of total lipid extracts and polar lipid fractions from the green macroalga, Codium tomentosum, and the green microalga, Chlorella vulgaris on a Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Total lipid extracts and polar lipid fractions were characterized by LC-MS. The results revealed that the total extracts of algae promote S. aureus inhibition after light irradiation, with a decrease of ca. 6 log10 (CFU/mL) after 15 min of treatment with both extracts of algae. The polar lipid fractions, composed by phospholipids, glycolipids and betaine lipids, from C. tomentosum and C. vulgaris also revealed antibacterial potential in combination with aPDT, but a decrease of ca. 6 log10 (CFU/mL) was reached at 60 min of treatment, later than with the total extracts. These results unveil algae lipids as antibacterial compounds in combination with aPDT displaying an alternative from natural origin to tackle pathogen resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimie
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Lipidomics
  • Microalgae
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Polar lipids
  • Seaweeds

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