Intervenção psicológica na fase I da reabilitação cardíaca pós-síndroma coronária aguda

Translated title of the contribution: Brief psychological intervention in phase I of cardiac rehabilitation after acute coronary syndrome

Ana Cláudia Fernandes, Teresa McIntyre, Rui Coelho, Joana Prata*, Maria Júlia Maciel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important cause of mortality and significant personal and financial costs. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have shown positive effects in reducing cardiovascular mortality and improving functional capacity. However, adherence is low and appears to be influenced by psychosocial factors, such as patients’ cognitions and emotional state. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a brief in-hospital psychological intervention to promote cognitive and emotional adaptation after ACS. Methods One hundred and twenty-one patients with ACS, admitted to a coronary care unit in a central hospital, were randomized to an experimental group (EG, n=65) and a control group (CG, n=56). Portuguese versions of the HADS and BIPQ were used to measure emotional well-being and illness cognitions. Two 1 h 15 min sessions were conducted 2-3 days after hospital admission, and a 20-minute follow-up session took place one month after discharge. Patients were assessed at four different time points: pre-test, post-test, and at 1- and 2-month follow-up. Results The intervention had significant effects on anxiety, depression and illness cognitions. Anxiety and depression were significantly reduced and illness cognitions improved significantly in the EG compared to the control group. For the EG, these changes were maintained or enhanced at 1- and 2-month follow-up, whereas for the CG there was a deterioration in psychosocial adjustment. Conclusions These results indicate that a brief psychological intervention program delivered during hospitalization for ACS and combined with standard medical care can have positive effects in terms of psychosocial outcomes that have proven impact on cardiac rehabilitation and prognosis.

Translated title of the contributionBrief psychological intervention in phase I of cardiac rehabilitation after acute coronary syndrome
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)641-649
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Hospital-based psychosocial intervention
  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Illness cognitions

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