Caseinolytic activity of fruit extract from Opuntia ficus-indica on bovine, caprine, and ovine sodium caseinates

A. I. Pintado*, A. C. Macedo, G. Teixeira, M. S. Pais, A. Clemente, F. X. Malcata

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The rates and extents of hydrolysis of αS- and β-caseins from bovine, caprine, and ovine sodium caseinates produced by an enzymatic extract of the fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica, (L.). Miller were evaluated and compared with those produced by a commercial animal rennet. A mechanistic model based on a pseudo-first-order enzymatic reaction, in the presence of first-order deactivation of the enzyme, was postulated and successfully fitted to the experimental data. The animal rennet exhibited higher enzymatic efficiency than the fruit extract, irrespective of the source (i.e., bovine, caprine, or ovine) and the type (i.e., αS- or β-casein) of substrate. The enzymatic efficiency (kcat/Km) for αS-casein ranged from 72 to 220 and from 43 to 65 L g-1 h-1, and for β-casein from 242 to 742 and from 55 to 164 L g-1 h-1, for the animal rennet and the enzymatic extract of O. ficus-indica, respectively. Finally, it was observed that β-casein from caprine and ovine caseinates was degraded by O. ficus-indica faster than its αS counterpart, but the reverse was observed for bovine caseinate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-646
Number of pages4
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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