Cationic pyrrolidine/pyrroline-substituted porphyrins as efficient photosensitizers against e. Coli

Bruno M.F. Ladeira, Cristina J. Dias, Ana T.P.C. Gomes, Augusto C. Tomé, Maria G.P.M.S. Neves, Nuno M.M. Moura*, Adelaide Almeida, M. Amparo F. Faustino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


New porphyrin–pyrrolidine/pyrroline conjugates were prepared by revisiting 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions between a porphyrinic azomethine ylide and a series of dipolarophiles. Cationic conjugates obtained by alkylation of the pyrrolidine/pyrroline cycloadducts showed ability to generate singlet oxygen and to produce iodine in presence of KI when irradiated with visible light. Some of the cationic derivatives showed photobactericidal properties towards a Gram-negative bioluminescent E. coli. In all cases, these features were significantly improved using KI as coadjutant, allowing, under the tested conditions, the photoinactivation of the bacterium until the detection limit of the method with a drastic reduction of the required photosensitizer concentration and irradiation time. The obtained results showed a high correlation between the ability of the cationic porphyrin derivative to produce singlet oxygen and iodine and its E. coli photoinactivation profile.
Original languageEnglish
Article number464
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Cycloaddition
  • Dipolarophile
  • E. coli
  • Photodynamic inactivation
  • Photosensitizer
  • Porphyrin
  • Potassium iodide


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