Cognition, emotion and action: persistent sources of parent–offspring paradoxes in the family business

Miguel Pina e Cunha, Maria João Soares Leitão, Stewart Clegg, Remedios Hernández-Linares*, Horia Moasa, Kathleen Randerson, Arménio Rego

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore inductively the unique paradoxical tensions central to family business (FB) and to analyze how FB's members face these tensions and their implications in the personal and professional realms. Design/methodology/approach: A multiple-case study with 11 parent–offspring dyads from Portuguese FBs was conducted putting the focus on the micro-level interactions. Findings: The slopes of roles and relationality in FBs produces three persistent sets of tensions around cognition, emotion and action. These tensions exist in a paradoxical state, containing potentiality for synergy or trade-off. Originality/value: Our study is the first to empirically demonstrate that paradoxical tensions between parent and offspring are interrelated, by emphasizing the uniqueness of FB as a paradoxical setting and offering insights to negotiating of these singular paradoxes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-749
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Family Business Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • Business families
  • Micro-foundations
  • Paradox
  • Parental relationships
  • Role conflict


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