Contributo da formação musical no desempenho académico e cognitivo de crianças e adolescentes: uma revisão sistemática

Translated title of the contribution: Contribution of musical training in the academic and cognitive performance of children and adolescents: a systematic review

Susana Azevedo*, Joana Rato, Alexandre Castro Caldas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

This systematic review aimed to analyze the recent literature on the influence that the study of music can exert on academic performance in general and on mathematics; in cognitive functions; and in brain plasticity. The review includes studies published between 2007 and 2018 in the PubMed and Complementary Index databases, Academic Search Complete, Education Source, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Science Direct and PsycArticles, using the descriptor musical training, combined with descriptors linked to academic performance in general and in mathematics - academic achievement, mathematics and academic development -, and cognitive development - brain development and cognitive development. The studies were selected according to the following criteria: studies (i) published in peer-reviewed scientific journals, (ii) with children and adolescents up to 18 years of age, (iii) which included musical training in its theoretical and/or instrumental components. The relationship between musical education and academic performance in general and mathematics was inconsistent, and there was no consensus in the literature about the benefits of the former over the latter. Cognitive benefits and evidence for structural brain plasticity induced by early childhood music training were found, taking into account differences in gray matter volume.

Translated title of the contributionContribution of musical training in the academic and cognitive performance of children and adolescents: a systematic review
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)116-135
Number of pages20
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Educação
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Musical training
  • Academic performance
  • Mathematical skills
  • Cognitive development

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