Converging modalities ground abstract categories: the case of politics

Ana Rita Farias, Margarida V. Garrido, Gün R. Semin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Three studies are reported examining the grounding of abstract concepts across two modalities (visual and auditory) and their symbolic representation. A comparison of the outcomes across these studies reveals that the symbolic representation of political concepts and their visual and auditory modalities is convergent. In other words, the spatial relationships between specific instances of the political categories are highly overlapping across the symbolic, visual and auditory modalities. These findings suggest that abstract categories display redundancy across modal and amodal representations, and are multimodal.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere60971
JournalPLoS one
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


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