Covid19 pandemic policy monitor (COV-PPM): european level tracking of non-pharmaceutical interventions

Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Sven Rohleder, Stella Duwendag, Amir Mohsenpour, Victoria Saint, Andreas Gold, Sukhvir Kaur, Niklas Nutsch, Diogo Costa

Research output: Working paperPreprint


The Covid-19 Pandemic Policy Monitor (COV-PPM) prospectively documents the measures taken to contain SARS-Cov-2 transmission across countries in EU27, EEA and UK. In Germany, measures have also been documented at the federal state and, partially, at the district levels. Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) implemented since March 2020 have been retrieved and updated weekly from official governments webpages, Ministries of Health, National (Public) Health Institutes or Administrations. NPI categories refer to restrictions, closures or changes in functioning implemented in thirteen domains: public events (gatherings in indoor or outdoor spaces); public institutions (kindergartens, schools, universities); public transport (trains, buses, trams, metro); citizens movement/mobility (e.g. pedestrians, cars, ships); border closures (air, land or sea, all incoming travels, from high-risk regions, only non-nationals); measures to improve the healthcare system (e.g. human resources or technical reinforcement, redistribution, material or infrastructural); measures for risk/vulnerable groups (e.g. elderly, chronically ill, pregnant); economic measures (e.g. lay-off rules establishment, actions to avoid job-loss, tax relaxation); testing policies (e.g. testing criteria changes); nose and mouth protection rules, vaccination and others/miscellaneous measures.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Public and global health


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