Cross-cultural measurement invariance of the fear of COVID-19 scale in three Portuguese-speaking countries

Suely Ruiz Giolo, Rubia Carla Formighieri Giordani*, Milene Zanoni da Silva, Paulo César Azevedo Dias, Arune Estavela, Janete Ismael Mabuie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the Portuguese version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) across three countries: Brazil (South America), Mozambique (East Africa), and Portugal (Southwest Europe). A total of 8694 participants were recruited through convenience sampling (7430 Brazilians, 387 Mozambicans, and 877 Portuguese adults). The unidimensional structure of the FCV-19S fitted well with each country’s data. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed that the FCV-19S was partially invariant across countries and fully invariant across gender and age groups, thus providing a solid basis for cross-group comparisons. Structural invariance tests revealed different levels of fear across countries and genders but not across age groups.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Cross-cultural
  • Emotional reactions
  • Fear level
  • Pandemics

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