Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and antibacterial effectiveness of a bioceramic endodontic sealer

G. T. M. Candeiro, C. Moura-Netto, R. S. D'Almeida-Couto, N. Azambuja-Júnior, M. M. Marques, S. Cai, G. Gavini*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To compare the characteristics of bioceramic endodontic sealer Endosequence BC sealer with those of AH Plus sealer. Methodology: Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity were analysed on human gingival fibroblasts submitted to cell culture medium conditioned by sealers using the MTT reduction assay and micronucleus formation test (MNT), respectively. Cells grown on fresh medium served as controls. Cell viabilities were measured at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days. The antibacterial activity was analysed on an Enterococcus faecalis strain (ATCC 29212) using both on agar diffusion test (ADT) and a direct contact test (DCT). The inhibition zones in ADT were measured after 48 h and the colony-forming units counting in the DCT after 1, 24, 72 and 168 h. Data were compared by anova and Tukey's test and MNT by Fisher's exact test (P < 0.05). Results: Cultures submitted to Endosequence BC sealer had a significantly higher number of viable cells (P < 0.01) and less micronucleus formation (P < 0.05) than AH Plus sealer. Endosequence BC sealer exhibited significantly smaller inhibition zones (6.00 ± 0.03 mm) than AH Plus sealer (10.31 ± 0.21 mm) (P < 0.05). Moreover, Endosequence BC sealer had significantly smaller antibacterial activity than AH Plus sealer up to 1 h of direct contact (P < 0.05). On other exposure times, both materials had similar antibacterial effectiveness (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Bioceramic-based sealer had less cytotoxicity and genotoxicity and similar antibacterial effect against E. faecalis in comparison with AH Plus sealer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-864
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibacterial effectiveness
  • Bioceramic endodontic sealer
  • Cell culture
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Genotoxicity


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