Da tentativa à história: as origens da Inquisição em Portugal na visão de Alexandre Herculano

Translated title of the contribution: From attempt to history: the origins of the Inquisition in Portugal through the vision of Alexandre Herculano

Susana Bastos Mateus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Alexandre Herculano’s História do Estabelecimento da Inquisição em Portugal is a pioneering and fundamental work for the historiography of the Portuguese Inquisition. In its three volumes, Herculano addressed the introduction of the Inquisition in 16th-century Portugal and the role D. João III played in it – considered to be its main architect – from the prism of the virulent polemics in which he was involved, particularly with some sectors of Portuguese Catholicism. The controversy surrounding his work – which focused on the period immediately preceding the establishment of the court and the first years of its operation – arose during his lifetime. Herculano, during the years that took him to complete the edition of the three volumes and in the transition from the first to the second edition, modified some parts of the text and changed the title from Attempt to History, showing a clearly assertive intentionality in this second version. Albeit a work of its own time, the documental support on which it was anchored, fruit of Herculano’s lengthy period as director of important Portuguese libraries and archives, explains why the work has had many readers over time and, still today, it is an unavoidable presence in the bibliographies of the historiography on the Portuguese Inquisition.

Translated title of the contributionFrom attempt to history: the origins of the Inquisition in Portugal through the vision of Alexandre Herculano
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)51-73
Number of pages23
JournalLusitania Sacra
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Liberal historiography
  • Alexandre Herculano
  • Portuguese Inquisition

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