Death anxiety in palliative care: validation of the nursing diagnosis

Rita Maria Sousa Abreu-Figueiredo*, Luís Octávio de Sá, Tânia Marlene Gonçalves Lourenço, Sandra Sofia Barbosa Pinto de Almeida

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads

Abstract

Objective: To identify the prevalence of the NANDA-I nursing diagnosis of death anxiety among family caregivers of palliative patients and to validate the associated defining characteristics. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, exploratory, and descriptive study using Fehring's clinical diagnostic validity model in a sample of 111 family caregivers of palliative patients. The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of the defining characteristics were calculated. Questions formulated to operationalize the defining characteristics were validated by a panel of experts. Results: The prevalence of the diagnosis was 38.7% in the study sample, and 17 defining characteristics were subjected to clinical validation, of which eight emerged from a previous literature review. Of the 17 defining characteristics, nine were classified as primary and eight as secondary. Conclusion: The diagnosis was validated in family caregivers of palliative patients. The clinical validation of new defining characteristics confirmed the need to review these characteristics to ensure their clinical suitability. The prevalence of the diagnosis in the study sample indicates that death anxiety is a relevant phenomenon among family caregivers of palliative patients that professionals should be particularly aware offing order to implement specific interventions to minimize this condition.

Translated title of the contributionAnsiedade relacionada à morte em cuidados paliativos: validação do diagnóstico de enfermagem
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-185
Number of pages8
JournalACTA Paulista de Enfermagem
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Caregivers
  • Nursing diagnosis
  • Palliative care
  • Validation studies

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