Development of grapevine plants under hydroponic copper-enriched solutions induced morpho-histological, biochemical and cytogenetic changes

Cláudia Castro, Ana Carvalho, Ivo Pavia, Eunice Bacelar, José Lima-Brito*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient for plants, but when present in excess, it induces toxicity. In this study, cuttings of four wine-producing varieties of Vitis vinifera L. were used: ‘Tinta Barroca’, ‘Tinto Cão’, ‘Malvasia Fina’ and ‘Viosinho’. The grapevine cuttings were distributed by hydroponic solutions enriched with different Cu concentrations (1, 10, 25 and 50 μM) plus control. At the end of the experiment, the root growth was evaluated, and individual roots were collected, fixed, and used for histological sections and chromosome spreads preparation. The higher Cu concentrations induced toxicity and inhibited root growth. However, the grapevine varieties responded with the thickening of the root exodermis and endodermis. In the chromosome spreads, normal and abnormal interphase and mitotic cells were observed in all varieties and treatments. The increase of Cu concentration decreased the nucleolar activity, as seen by reducing the nucleolar number and area. It increased the frequency of interphase cells with anomalies (ICA), but it did not influence total soluble protein concentration. The augment of Cu concentration also decreased the mitotic index (MI) and increased the percentage of dividing cells with anomalies (DCA). Different types of chromosomal anomalies in all mitotic phases, treatments and varieties were found. Overall, the white wine varieties, ‘Malvasia Fina’ and ‘Viosinho’, appeared to be more tolerant to the Cu-induced stress because they showed higher root growth and mean MI and lower mean DCA than the red wine varieties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-901
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume166
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chromosome anomalies
  • Mitotic index
  • Nucleolar activity
  • Root histology
  • Silver nitrate staining
  • Vitis vinifera

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