Differential-pulse cathodic stripping voltammetric determination of sodium nitroprusside at a hanging mercury drop electrode aided by copper(II) and Poly-L-lysine modification

Ramin Pirzad*, Josino C. Moreira, Antonio O.S.S. Rangel, Rosa M. Alonso, Tony E. Edmonds, Arnold G. Fogg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nitroprusside anion, Fe(CN)5NO2-, can be accumulated from pH 5 Britton-Robinson buffer solution on to the surface of a hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE), which has been modified by means of adsorbed poly-L-lysine and which is held on open circuit. This was shown by closing the circuit at -0.2 V versus the Ag-AgCl electrode, after accumulation, and scanning cathodically by use of differential-pulse voltammetry. The voltammetric peak that was observed at about -0.6 V, however, was that for the adsorbed product of the first reduction step of nitroprusside, reported to be Fe(CN)4NO2-, which is the product of the one-electron reduction of the nitroprusside ion [to Fe(CN)5NO3-] followed by the elimination of CN-. When accumulation was carried out at the peak potential of the first polarographic reduction peak of nitroprusside (-0.35 V), the peak current at -0.6 V was enhanced 4-fold, which indicated that the Fe(CN)4NO2- was accumulated on poly-L-lysine more extensively than was the nitroprusside ion. From pH 2 (0.01 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid) solution, nitroprusside can be accumulated very efficiently between 0 and -0.1 V at an unmodified HMDE in the presence of excess of copper(II). The cathodic stripping peak at about -0.35 V is due to the reduction of an adsorbed copper/reduced nitroprusside species, which has not been fully identified, but is most probably either the copper(I) or copper(II) salt of Fe(CN)4NO2-. This signal was enhanced slightly when accumulation was effected at a poly-L-lysine-modified HMDE. Linear calibration graphs were obtained for up to at least 1 × 10-7 mol dm-3 for the determination of nitroprusside at both pH 5 and pH 2, by using cathodic stripping voltammetric methods based on the above electrode processes, and the limit of detection was calculated to be about 5 × 10-10 mol dm-3 in both instances. Relative standard deviations were typically <2% at the 1 × 10-8 mol dm-3 level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)963-969
Number of pages7
JournalThe Analyst
Volume119
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1994

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