Drying of sugar beet fiber with hot air or superheated steam

A. M. Miranda Bernardo, E. D. Dumoulin, A. M. Lebert, J. J. Bimbenet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comparative study of drying thin layers of sugar beet fiber with hot air or with superheated steam in a specially designed pilot dryer is reported. Our present interests are focused on drying rate and on the quality of the dried product. Steam superheated at 130-150°C yields 90 % of dry matter (DM), however steam condensation on the cold product at the beginning of the process may penalize the drying time. The color of the fiber is not modified until reaching 80 % DM. Drying with air heated at temperatures lying in the 40 to 105 °C range does not alter the white color up to 90 % DM. The water retention capacity of the original fiber, 14 g water/g DM remains unchanged whatever drying agent is used. The scaling up of the primary hot air drying set up to a ten times larger experimental dryer introduce no modification of drying time, water retention capacity or fiber color. Thick layer drying experiments permit to define parameters of a belt dryer for an industrial fiber processing plant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-779
Number of pages13
JournalDrying Technology
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Belt dryer
  • Color
  • Kinetics
  • Water retention capacity

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