Early visual cortical structural changes in diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy

Fábio S. Ferreira, João M.S. Pereira, Aldina Reis, Mafalda Sanches, João V. Duarte, Leonor Gomes, Carolina Moreno, Miguel Castelo-Branco*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It is known that diabetic patients have changes in cortical morphometry as compared to controls, but it remains to be clarified whether the visual cortex is a disease target, even when diabetes complications such as retinopathy are absent. Therefore, we compared type 2 diabetes patients without diabetic retinopathy with control subjects using magnetic resonance imaging to assess visual cortical changes when retinal damage is not yet present. Methods: We performed T1-weighted imaging in 24 type 2 diabetes patients without diabetic retinopathy and 27 age- and gender-matched controls to compare gray matter changes in the occipital cortex between groups using voxel based morphometry. Results: Patients without diabetic retinopathy showed reduced gray matter volume in the occipital lobe when compared with controls. Conclusions: Reduced gray matter volume in the occipital cortex was found in diabetic patients without retinal damage. We conclude that cortical early visual processing regions may be affected in diabetic patients even before retinal damage occurs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2113-2118
Number of pages6
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume255
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DARTEL
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • T1-w sMRI
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • VBM

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