Effect of 1-carbaldehyde-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone on prostate and HPV-18 positive cervical cancer cell lines and on human THP-1 macrophages

Rui Medeiros*, Bruno Horta, Joana Freitas-Silva, Jani Silva, Francisca Dias, Emília Sousa, Madalena Pinto, Fátima Cerqueira

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Xanthone derivatives have shown promising antitumor properties, and 1-carbaldehyde-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone (1) has recently emerged as a potent tumor cell growth inhibitor. In this study, its effect was evaluated (MTT viability assay) against a new panel of cancer cells, namely cervical cancer (HeLa), androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) and androgen-independent (PC-3) prostate cancer, and nonsolid tumor derived cancer (Jurkat) cell lines. The effect of xanthone 1 on macrophage functions was also evaluated. The effect of xanthone 1-conditioned THP-1 human macrophage supernatants on the metabolic viability of cervical and prostate cancer cell lines was determined along with its interference with cytokine expression characteristic of M1 profile (IL-1 ≤ β; TNF-α) or M2 profile (IL-10; TGF-β) (PCR and ELISA). Nitric oxide (NO) production by murine RAW264.7 macrophages was quantified by Griess reaction. Xanthone 1 (20 µM) strongly inhibited the metabolic activity of the cell lines and was significantly more active against prostate cell lines compared to HeLa (p < 0.05). Jurkat was the cell most sensitive to the effect of xanthone 1. Compound 1-conditioned IL-4-stimulated THP-1 macrophage supernatants significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited the metabolic activity of HeLa, LNCaP, and PC-3. Xanthone 1 did not significantly affect the expression of cytokines by THP-1 macrophages. The inhibiting effect of compound 1 observed on the production of NO by RAW 264.7 macrophages was moderate. In conclusion, 1-carbaldehyde-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone (1) decreases the metabolic activity of cancer cells and seems to be able to modulate macrophage functions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3721
JournalMolecules
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • 1-carbaldehyde-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone
  • Antitumor
  • Cervical cancer
  • Prostate cancer

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