Effect of copper and zinc as sulfate or nitrate salts on soil microbiome dynamics and blaVIM-positive pseudomonas aeruginosa survival

Gianuario Fortunato, Ivone Vaz-Moreira, Olga C. Nunes, Célia M. Manaia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The exposure of soil to metals and to antibiotic resistant bacteria may lead to the progressive deterioration of soil quality. The persistence of antibiotic resistant bacteria or antibiotic resistance genes in soil can be influenced by the microbial community or by soil amendments with metal salts. This work assessed the effect of soil amendment with copper and zinc, as sulfate or nitrate salts, on the fate of a carbapenem-resistant (blaVIM+) hospital effluent isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain H1FC49) and on the variations of the microbial community composition. Microcosms with soil aged or not with copper and zinc salts (20 mM), and inoculated with P. aeruginosa H1FC49 were monitored at 0, 7, 14 and/or 30 days, for community composition (16S rRNA gene amplicon) and strain H1FC49 persistence. Data on culturable P. aeruginosa, quantitative PCR of the housekeeping gene ecf, and the presumably acquired genes blaVIM+ and integrase (intI1), and community composition were interpreted based on descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis. P. aeruginosa and the presumably acquired genes, were quantifiable in soil for up to one month, in both metal-amended and non-amended soil. Metal amendments were associated with a significant decrease of bacterial community diversity and richness. The persistence of P. aeruginosa and acquired genes in soils, combined with the adverse effect of metals on the bacterial community, highlight the vulnerability of soil to both types of exogenous contamination.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125631
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume415
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance gene persistence
  • Bacteria survival
  • Heavy metals
  • Metal salts
  • Soil bacterial communities

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