Elastin-like polypeptides in development of nanomaterials for application in the medical field

Letícia Ferreira Lima, Mauricio Gonçalves Da Costa Sousa*, Gisele Regina Rodrigues, Kamila Botelho Sampaio de Oliveira, Ana Margarida Pereira, André da Costa, Raul Machado, Octavio Luiz Franco, Simoni Campos Dias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) are biopolymers formed by amino acid sequences derived from tropoelastin. These biomolecules can be soluble below critical temperatures, forming aggregates at higher temperatures, which makes them an interesting source for the design of different nanobiomaterials. These nanobiomaterials can be obtained from heterologous expression in several organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and plants. Thanks to the many advantages of ELPs, they have been used in the biomedical field to develop nanoparticles, nanofibers, and nanocomposites. These nanostructures can be used in multiple applications such as drug delivery systems, treatments of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, tissue repair, and cancer therapy. Thus, this review aims to shed some light on the main advances in elastin-like-based nanomaterials, their possible expression forms, and importance to the medical field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number874790
JournalFrontiers in Nanotechnology
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biosynthesis
  • Elastin-like polypeptides
  • Heterologous expression
  • Medical field
  • Nanomaterials

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