Emotional induction through music: measuring cardiac and electrodermal responses of emotional states and their persistence

Fabiana Silva Ribeiro, Flávia Heloísa Santos*, Pedro Barbas Albuquerque, Patrícia Oliveira-Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Emotional inductions through music (EIM) procedures have proved to evoke genuine emotions according to neuroimaging studies. However, the persistence of the emotional states after being exposed to musical excerpts remains mostly unexplored. This study aimed to investigate the curve of emotional state generated by an EIM paradigm over a 6-min recovery phase, monitored with valence and arousal self-report measures, and physiological parameters. Stimuli consisted of a neutral and two valenced musical excerpts previously reported to generate such states. The neutral excerpt was composed in a minimalist form characterized by simple sonorities, rhythms, and patterns; the positive excerpt had fast tempo and major tones, and the negative one was slower in tempo and had minor tone. Results of 24 participants revealed that positive and negative EIM effectively induced self-reported happy and sad emotions and elicited higher skin conductance levels (SCL). Although self-reported adjectives describing evoked-emotions states changed to neutral after 2 min in the recovery phase, the SCL data suggest longer lasting arousal for both positive and negative emotional states. The implications of these outcomes for musical research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number451
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Emotional induction
  • Emotional persistence
  • Heart rate
  • Music
  • Skin conductance level

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