Environmental factors influencing molinate biodegradation by a two-member mixed culture in rice paddy field floodwater

Luisa Barreiros, Joana Peres, Nuno F. Azevedo, Célia M. Manaia, Olga C. Nunes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Bioaugmentation is reported as a feasible approach for the treatment of pesticide contaminated environments. Aiming the development and future implementation of a bioremediation process to treat natural waters polluted with molinate, a molinate-mineralizing culture, composed of Pseudomonas chlororaphis ON1 and Gulosibacter molinativorax ON4 T (designated DC1), was assayed in paddy field floodwater microcosms. The influence of abiotic (temperature, presence of other herbicides) and biotic (floodwater autochthonous microbiota) factors on molinate mineralization by culture DC1 was assessed. In parallel, the proportion of the introduced strains in filter-sterilized floodwaters was monitored by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH).Molinate mineralization and growth of culture DC1 were observed under all tested conditions, although the kinetic parameters (maximum specific growth and degradation rates) were significantly affected by the environmental conditions and culture media used. Additionally, these two factors were observed to have a statistically significant interaction. The lowest values of both kinetic parameters were observed at 15°C. The presence of the herbicides propanil, bentazone and MCPA, frequently applied in rice culture protection, did not affect the degrading capacity of culture DC1. Furthermore, it was possible to infer that the autochthonous microbiota does not retard or limit molinate biodegradation, given the growth and degradation rates by culture DC1 were higher in non-sterile microcosm assays. Although G. molinativorax ON4 T is known to promote the initial breakdown of molinate, P. chlororaphis ON1 appeared to be responsible to pull up the process, since higher proportions of this organism were found at the exponential growth and molinate degradation phase.Culture DC1 is efficient, versatile and presents a promising potential to be applied as a bioaugmentation tool for the remediation of environmental waters contaminated with molinate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-58
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2012


  • Bioaugmentation
  • Biotic and abiotic factors
  • FISH
  • Floodwater
  • Herbicide degradation
  • Kinetic parameters


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