Introduction: The oral cavity is an ecosystem that promotes the development of biofilm because the remarkable variety of surfaces in the oral cavity accommodates bacteria with different tropisms. From an ecological point of view, it represents an “open growing system” due to the endless intake and removal of microorganisms and its nutrients. Objective: the objective of this paper is to perform a literature review and to determine the state of art, on a microbiological level, of the materials for the treatment of periodontal and pulp/periapical pathologies, such as mouth rinsers, irrigating solutions, intracanal medication, gutta-percha points and endodontic sealers. Conclusion: the divergence in the experimental results regarding the antimicrobial activity of different materials is unquestionable, all of them showing antimicrobial components but with no permanent residual bacterial effect. Currently there are no available materials in the market that satisfies all the criteria that are considered ideal and with effective antimicrobial activity.
|Journal||Revista europea de odonto-estomatologia|
|Publication status||Published - 30 May 2011|