Desafios éticos dos profissionais de saúde perante pedidos de morte assistida em cuidados paliativos

Translated title of the contribution: Ethical challenges of healthcare professionals towards physician-assisted death requests in palliative care

Ana Pacheco, Bruna Burmeister, Sílvia Sereno, Amanda Borges, Larissa Benittes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: Discussions related to euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide by professionals working in palliative care often bring discomfort due to its sensitivity. Aim: Promote an ethical reflection on assisted death requests in a palliative care context. Materials and Methods: Based on a clinical case, ethical principles and the literature regarding euthanasia and medically-assisted suicide, a reflection on the theme and its complexity is intended. Results: To question basic ethical principles can lead to situations which are difficult to control. Some questions immediately stand out: is euthanasia a truly free and autonomous decision, if the individual is suffering? Is it honest to offer its legalization in a context where access to viable and quality alternatives to relieve suffering, such as palliative care, are not available for everyone? Isn’t suffering itself a hindrance to free choice? Conclusion: The ethical problem of legalizing euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide does not have right or wrong answers, and as it is based on values as absolute as dignity and respect for human life, it deserves a thoughtful reflection and discussion.
Translated title of the contributionEthical challenges of healthcare professionals towards physician-assisted death requests in palliative care
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
Journal Cadernos de Saúde
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Palliative care
  • Physician-assisted death
  • Physician-assisted suicide
  • Euthanasia
  • Bioethics

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