Exploring professional practice environments and organisational context factors affecting nurses’ adoption of evidence-based practice: a scoping review

Luís Furtado*, Fábio Coelho, Natália Mendonça, Hélia Soares, Luís Gomes, Joana Pereira Sousa, Hugo Duarte, Cristina Costeira, Cátia Santos, Beatriz Araújo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

This scoping review, conducted within the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) framework, analysed the recent literature (January 2018 to March 2023) addressing factors inherent to professional practice environments and organisational contexts influencing nurses’ adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP). This review included studies involving nurses regardless of sector, practice setting, and scope of practice. A systematic search was undertaken across the PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and MEDLINE databases, as well as the EThOS, OATD, and RCAAP platforms. The extracted textual elements underwent a content analysis, resulting in a coding structure established through an inductive approach that categorised information into main categories and subcategories linked by similarity and thematic affinity. Forty-one studies were included, revealing four main categories of factors impacting EBP adoption by nurses: (1) organisational dynamics, (2) management and leadership, (3) teamwork and communication, and (4) resources and infrastructure. The study’s limitations acknowledge the subjective nature of categorisation, recognising potential variations based on individual perspectives despite adopting procedures to minimise the risk of bias. The results provide a substantial foundation for developing interventions to cultivate environments conducive to EBP adoption by nurses, thereby enhancing the integration of evidence into nurses’ professional practice contexts. This review was prospectively registered on the Open Science Framework (registration no. osf.io/e86qz).

Original languageEnglish
Article number245
Number of pages20
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Evidence-based practice
  • Implementation science
  • Nurse administrators
  • Nursing
  • Nursing administration research
  • Nursing care

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