Exploring the multifaceted challenges of women in engineering: a comprehensive literature review

Marina Dabić, Tena Obradović Posinković, Jane F. Maley, Božidar Vlačić, Giacomo Marzi, Sascha Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



The present research delves into the complex dynamics of gender equality, highlighting women's experiences within the engineering sector. Drawing from a literature spanning from 2005 to 2023, we gathered insights from 108 pertinent articles on the topic. Our results show that a substantial portion of research underscore the persistent biases and barriers women encounter in engineering. Through our analysis, we unveiled four dominant themes: 'The Impact of Sex Differences on Productivity,' 'Gender Digital Divide,' 'Discriminatory Behaviour,' and 'Women and Performance.' Applying the glass ceiling theory as analytical framework, we discern a prevailing neglect toward women's challenges in the engineering field. Our findings accentuate the necessity for innovative policy interventions. To this end, we introduce a comprehensive policy model tailored to champion robust gender equity initiatives within the engineering field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3325-3339
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Discriminatory behaviour
  • Gender equity
  • Gender digital divide
  • Literature review
  • Women in engineering


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