Expressive avatars in psychological intervention and therapy

Ana Paula Cláudio*, Maria Beatriz Carmo, Augusta Gaspar, Renato Teixeira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A wide range of applications for virtual humans can be envisaged for the needs of both research and intervention in Psychology. This chapter describes the development and preliminary testing of an interactive virtual reality application "Virtual Spectators" - whereby virtual humans with expressive behaviour modelled on the basis of field research in human facial expression in real emotion contexts can be configured to interact with people in an interview or jury. We discuss the possibilities of this application in cognitive behavioural therapy using virtual reality and in nonverbal behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterface support for creativity, productivity, and expression in computer graphics
EditorsAnna Ursyn
PublisherIGI Global Publishing
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781522573722
ISBN (Print)9781522573715, 9781522587484
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2018


  • Avatars
  • Virtual reality
  • Virtual Reality in Exposure Therapy (VRET)
  • Facial expression
  • Psychotherapy


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