Fabrication of calcium phosphates/poly(caprolactone) composite using 3D printing technique for bone tissue engineering

C. Marques, E. Martins, F. Lobo, E. M. Fernandes, R. L. Reis, T. H. Silva

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster


Introduction: With the increase of the average life expectancy, the challenges towards healthier ageing are greater. Every year, there are millions of people suffering from severe tissue loss and particular attention has been paid to the development of new surgical procedures and new materials for bone replacement/ regeneration [1], with tissue engineering becoming an area of great interest. Three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds fabricated by additive manufacturing are a promising strategy in tissue engineering for the replacement and regeneration of damaged tissue. The scaffolds are physical substrates for cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation, ultimately leading to the regeneration of tissues, and they must be designed according to specific biomechanical requirements, i.e., certain standards in terms of mechanical properties, surface characteristics, porosity, degradability, and biocompatibility [2]. The optimal design of a scaffold for a specific tissue strongly depends on both materials and manufacturing processes, as well as surface treatment. Polycaprolactone (PCL)-based scaffolds have been extensively proposed for bone regeneration; however these present long degradation times, high hydrophobicity and poor bioactivity (osteointegration, osteoconduction and osteoinduction). To overcome these limitations, PCL has been combined with different inorganic materials such as hydroxyapatite (HA), tri-calcium phosphate (TCP) and bioglass [3,4]. Conclusions: The CaPs powders were successfully synthetized and after milling, the average particle/agglomerates sizes was ~0.6 μm with a bimodal distribution. PCL/ CaPs blends were efficiently mixed and an homogenous filament was produced with a twin screw extruder. The CaP/PCL filament was then reduced to pellets and, using the high temperature printing head, the printing of the mixture was possible, with CaP particles presenting a uniform distribution across the scaffold.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventFirst Achilles Conference: Molecular and biological mechanisms of tendon homeostasis and repair - Fundação Dr. António Cupertino de Miranda (FACM), Porto, Portugal
Duration: 8 Jul 201910 Jul 2019


ConferenceFirst Achilles Conference


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