The well-known Nietzsche’s statement about the death of God risks, nowadays, to become a common place whose deeply sense is difficult to grasp. Nevertheless, the event the German philosopher proclaimed – that is, a world and a culture without God – starts to have place in the contemporary Western societies, called post-modern. As Joseph Ratzinger argues, the contemporary societies seem to be organized more and more as if God did not exist. In this context, I will show how this event could be an opportunity for Christianity be lived in a more authentic way. First, I will analyse Nietzsche’s affirmation Gott ist tot in the complexity of his work. Then, I will compare Nietzsche’s death of God with Bonhoeffer’s concepts of a Christian atheism and a Christianity in an adult world, highlighting similarities and differences between them. At the end, I will try to argue that the bonhoefferian proposal is more intelligible if one attempts to reach the modern ideal of authenticity, following some arguments contained in Charles Taylor’s work.
- Adult world
- Authenticity ideal
- Christianity without religion
- Death of God