Food additives from fruit and vegetable by-products and bio-residues: a comprehensive review focused on sustainability

Jonata M. Ueda, Mariana C. Pedrosa, Sandrina A. Heleno*, Márcio Carocho, Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira, Lillian Barros*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food waste is one of the fundamental issues when it comes to environmental impacts, and this type of waste results in the food’s loss itself, but also that of water, energy, fertilizers, and other resources used for its production. Many vegetable parts are removed from the final product before reaching retail (peels, roots, and seeds), and these raw materials are rich sources of highly valuable molecules such as phytochemicals, minerals, vitamins, and other compounds with health benefits (prevention of several diseases, improvement of the immune system, regulating gastrointestinal transit, and others). Therefore, substantial efforts have been made to find technological solutions to avoid food waste, namely through its reuse in the food chain, thus promoting the circular economy and sustainability. This review focuses on the biggest wastes generated by the food industry, the most common destinations, and case studies applying these by-products or biowaste in the food industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5212
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biowaste
  • By-products
  • Food additives
  • Fruits
  • Sustainability
  • Vegetables

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