Fruit composition of eggplant lines with introgressions from the wild relative s. Incanum: interest for breeding and safety for consumption

Elena Rosa-Martínez, Ana M. Adalid-Martínez, Maria Dolores García-Martínez, Giulio Mangino, Maria Dolores Raigón, Mariola Plazas, Pietro Gramazio, Jaime Prohens, Santiago Vilanova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The wild species Solanum incanum has been used as a donor parent for the development of a set of eggplant introgression lines (ILs), which are of interest for breeding for stress tolerances and relevant morpho-agronomic traits but could also be useful for breeding for fruit quality, due to the generally higher content in health-promoting compounds of S. incanum. The use of eggplant ILs with introgressions from S. incanum requires ensuring that glycoalkaloids levels are below safety limits. We evaluated 25 fruit composition traits, including proximate composition, sugars, acids, phenolics, glycoalkaloids, and minerals in a set of 16 eggplant ILs with S. incanum, both parents and the F1, grown under two environments (open field and screenhouse). The results demonstrated that the parents were significantly different regarding most fruit composition traits. Large variation was found among the 16 ILs for all traits analyzed and a strong influence of the environment accounted for the variation of 17 out of the 25 traits evaluated. Although the S. incanum parent produced fruits with high levels of glycoalkaloids, the 16 ILs showed mean values of total glycoalkaloids below the currently accepted safety limit for human consumption (200 mg kg−1 fresh weight). Overall, the ILs produced fruits that are safe for consumption, with nutritional and functional quality similar to the recipient parent. Furthermore, six putative QTLs were detected spread over chromosomes 3 for crude protein, 5 for malic and total acids, and 7 for chlorogenic acid and solamargine, and potential candidate genes were spotted for most of them, which provide new relevant information for eggplant breeding.
Original languageEnglish
Article number266
Number of pages12
JournalAgronomy
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioactive compounds
  • Glycoalkaloids
  • Nutritional quality
  • Pre-breeding materi-als
  • QTLs
  • Solanum melongena

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