Impact of an innovative securement dressing and tourniquet in peripheral intravenous catheter-related complications and contamination: an interventional study

Pedro Parreira, Beatriz Serambeque, Paulo S. Costa, Lisete S. Mónico, Vânia Oliveira, Liliana B. Sousa, Fernando Gama, Rafael A. Bernardes*, David Adriano, Inês A. Marques, Luciene M. Braga, João Graveto, Nádia Osório, Anabela Salgueiro-Oliveira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reusable tourniquets and conventional securement dressings are considered risk factors for the occurrence of reported complications and catheter-related bloodstream infections. This study’s purpose is to assess the impact of single-use disposable tourniquets and advanced occlusive polyurethane dressings with reinforced cloth borders on peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC)-related complications and contamination. A pre- and post-interventional prospective observational study was conducted in a cardiology ward of a tertiary hospital between April 2018 and February 2019. Overall, demographic and clinical data from 156 patients and PIVC-related outcomes were collected (n = 296) as well as PIVC tips for microbiological analysis (n = 90). In the pre-intervention phase (n = 118), complication rates of 62.1% were reported, while 44.1% of the PIVCs were contaminated (n = 34). In the post-intervention phase (n = 178), complication rates decreased to 57.3%, while contamination rates significantly decreased to 17.9% (p = 0.014; n = 56). Through a logistic regression, it was found that the use of innovative technologies reduces the chance of PIVC contamination by 79% (odds ratio (OR): 0.21; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.05-0.98; p = 0.046). Meanwhile, PIVC-related complications and fluid therapy emerged as predictors for PIVC contamination. Findings suggest that the adoption of these innovative devices in nurses’ practice contributes to the significant reduction of PIVC contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3301
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catheter-related bloodstream infections
  • Complications
  • Contamination
  • Infection prevention
  • Nursing
  • Occlusive dressings
  • Peripheral intravenous catheter
  • Tourniquets

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