Impact of body composition on prognosis and dose-limiting toxicities on metastatic colorectal cancer

David da Silva Dias*, Mafalda Machado, Carolina Trabulo, Beatriz Gosálbez, Paula Ravasco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Sarcopenia is a progressive skeletal muscle disease, often present in oncological patients, that is associated with multiple adverse events such as worse prognosis, physical performance, and quality of life. Body composition evaluation by CT cross-section at the L3 vertebrae region appears to be a precise method to quantify skeletal muscle. The optimal cut-off for the definition of sarcopenia is not yet established, therefore the incidence of sarcopenia varies according to different studies. The main goal was to evaluate the presence of sarcopenia in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and its impact on overall survival (OS) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLT). A retrospective cohort study of 178 patients with mCRC under first-line chemotherapy (ChT) in association with target therapy, in two hospital units, between January 2015 and December 2018. Skeletal mass area (SMA) was quantified with the NIH ImageJ software in CT cross-sectional images at the L3 vertebrae region. Statistical analysis was performed with IBM SPSS v25 software https://www.ibm.com/analytics/spss-statistics-software. The median age was 62 (SD ± 11) years old, 65% were men and 62.9% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0. The cut-off value was established based on ROC analysis, with sarcopenia defined as SMI < 49.12 cm2/m2 for men and < 35.85 cm2/m2 for women. Despite the mean body mass index (BMI) of 25.71 (± 4.71) kg/m2, half of the patients presented sarcopenia. In a multivariate analysis using a Cox regression model, an association was observed between OS and higher ECOG PS (p = 0.014; HR 5.46, CI 95% [1.42–21.10]), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) >2.80 (p = 0.038; HR 2.20, CI 95% [1,05–4.62]), and sarcopenia (p = 0.01; HR 4.73, CI 95% [1.85–12.09]). Additionally, in a logistic regression model, age (p = 0.014; OR 1.09, IC 95% [1.02–1.16]) and sarcopenia (p= 0.030, OR 4.13, IC 95% [1.15-14.8]) were associated with higher incidence of DLT. The CT evaluation of the body composition at the L3 region allows for the quantification of sarcopenia, providing prognostic information and predictive value of DLT in patients with mCRC, although the establishment of optimal cut-off values are required for implementation in clinical practice. A multimodal strategy to delay muscle waste should be considered in these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number671547
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Nutrition
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Body mass index
  • Dose limiting toxicities
  • Metastatic colorectal cancer
  • Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
  • Sarcopenia
  • Skeletal muscle index
  • Systemic inflammation

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