Improvising agility: organizations as structured-extemporaneous hybrids

Miguel Pina e Cunha*, Luca Giustiniano, Pedro Neves, Arménio Rego

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter discusses agility as an improvised accomplishment conducted by improvisational leaders, i.e., leaders that approach and define rules that guide behavior in normal conditions and that stimulate impromptu adaptations in unpredicted conditions, when the existing rule set failed. We do that by showing how the triad of the leadership process (leaders, followers, and context) enacts the four principles of agile management. The contribution defends these principles are highly aligned with an improvisational understanding of leadership. The authors adopt a deliberately relational and distributed leadership perspective by exploring improvisation as a mutually constructed process of supportive leaders, compelled followers, and a conducive context. The chapter also discuss several obstacles that might limit the ability to enact agile improvisational leadership.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLearning and innovation in hybrid organizations
Subtitle of host publicationstrategic and organizational insights
EditorsPaolo Boccardelli, Maria Carmela Annosi, Federica Brunetta, Mats Magnusson
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9783319624679
ISBN (Print)9783319624662
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


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