Influence of temperature on the dynamic and steady-shear rheology of pectin dispersions

J. A. Lopes da Silva, M. P. Gonçalves*, M. A. Rao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of temperature on the dynamic and steady-shear theology of ionic polysaccharides, high-methoxyl and low-methoxyl pectins, has been studied and compared with the behaviour of locust bean gum, a virtually neutral biopolymer. Using the time-temperature superposition principle, the theological parameters were reduced to an arbitrary reference temperature. Activation energies were calculated and their dependence on temperature and shear rate analysed. Concerning the viscosity dependence on temperature, two approaches have been considered: one associated with the theory of absolute reaction rates leading to an Arrhenius type equation, and the other associated with the free volume theory, expressed by the Williams-Landel-Ferry equation. The difficulties encountered in the superposition of the dynamic properties of the pectin dispersions, the high activation energies, yield values and elastic plateau at low oscillatory frequency, are consistent with a macromolecular organization of these polymers dominated by important aggregation phenomena, which could be attributed to important intermolecular interactions like hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions, especially in conditions of low degree of ionization of the carboxylic groups.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-87
Number of pages11
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994


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